S.P.E.A.R. is a reference tool for students to use when critically evaluating an academic source. It works as a prompt for students to identify aspects of the source that they find convincing or otherwise. S.P.E.A.R. groups these aspects into five categories: Scope, Purpose, Evidence, Analysis, and Reasoning. Each category includes suggestions of specific evaluative questions that can be asked of a source. S.P.E.A.R. was inspired by, and is meant to be used alongside the C.R.A.A.P. Test (Blakeslee, 2004) and B.E.A.M. (Bizup, 2008).
Evaluating academic sources using S.P.E.A.R.
Media Type: Helpsheet
Resource Duration: 10 minutes
Number of downloads: 1
To improve understanding of how to critically evaluate an academic source, in the sense of identifying strengths and weaknesses in its method(s), data, interpretations, conclusions, and working assumptions.
Additional Resource Information
Author: Edward Powell - View all resources by Edward Powell
Institution: University of Reading
License: Creative Commons licence (4.0)